Eat Mindfully…

28 Dec

Eat Mindfully

When you are mindful you are fully present, in-the-moment without judgment. When it comes to eating, mindfulness helps increase the volume of your body’s cues so you can hear loud and clear when you are hungry and full. Many social and environmental factors can stand in the way of being able to accurately decode your body’s feedback. Mindfulness helps you break free from routine eating habits by examining the thoughts ,  feelings and internal pressures that affect how and why you eat (or don’t eat).

Shift out of Routine Eating  :

What did you have for breakfast? Be honest. Many people eat the same thing day in and day out. Notice whether you are stuck in any kind of rut or routine.

Take Mindful Bites :

Did you ever eat an entire plate of food and not taste one single bite? Bring all of your senses to the dinner table. Breathe in the aroma of a dish . Notice the texture on your tongue. Truly taste your meal. Experience each bite from start to finish.

Attentive Eating:

Sure, you’re busy and have a lot “on your plate.” It’s hard to make eating a priority rather than an option or side task. If you get the urge for a snack while doing your homework or studying, stop and take a break so that you can give eating 100% of your attention. Try to avoid multitasking while you eat. When you eat, just eat.


Gauge your hunger :

How hungry am I on a scale of one to ten? Gauging your hunger level is a little like taking your temperature. Each time you eat, ask yourself, “Am I physically hungry?” Aim to eat until you are satisfied, leaving yourself neither stuffed nor starving.

Emotional eating  :

Just because you think, doesn’t mean you have to act on them or let them sway your emotions. Negative thoughts can trigger overeating or stop you from adequately feeding your hunger. Remember: A thought is just a thought, not a fact.

Mindful Eating Support :

Friends provide an enormous amount of support, but often it’s helpful to obtain assistance or a second opinion from a trained professional. 

Walk Jog Run Sprint!!!

16 Oct

Increasing interest with running marathons, whether full, half 5k or 3k has opened a serious of discussions on technique, training, shoes, injuries etc. There are so many doubts in an avid runner on how to go about it. Most runners are recreational runners / joggers whose objective is to keep fit, healthy and stress free.

Health Fitness & Medical Screening:

This should be the first step any novice runner should embark on before starting the physical activity. If you are a male and above 40 and not used to vigorous form of exercise or activity, it’s

a wise option to undergo the medical screen & clearance with a physician’s consultation.The next step is to meet a Health & Fitness Specialist or a Sports Physiotherapist and get

evaluated on your Cardio vascular fitness, muscle strength and endurance, flexibility and body composition. A good posture evaluation to find out if you have any bio mechanical faults (like,

flat foot, knock knees, etc) soft tissue tightness, preexisting injuries, if any  and based on the findings she/he may advice you on a corrective exercise program, which can help you to enhance

performance and prevent injuries. Get your running mechanics evaluated.

Shoes & Terrain:

Investing on a good pair of shoes is of paramount importance. Shoes with good cushioning, toe room and arch support are things to look for in a shoe. It’s also important to pick up the shoe in

the evening when the toes are little expanded. Remember to change your shoes roughly after every 500kms of use.

Hard surfaces give you a push or bounce to run, with more impact, softer surfaces like the lawns, beach sand might offer less impact, but increases the muscle force or activity. So choose

a firm running surface like the running tracks, level grounds or good treadmills to train. Running up hill and downhill , cross country will enhance your fitness, but also will cause

injuries. If you are running out doors, be aware of the environment.

The FIT principle of training:

How often, how long and how intense should you train? It is the frequency, Intensity and the duration principle. If you are doing a less duration (less than 60mins) and low intensity (walk-

jog speed) you need lesser recover time and hence can train 5-6 days a week. If you are training at a high intensity (say running or sprinting) or longer duration (70 minutes

or more) you need longer recovery time and hence 2-3 times a week, not on subsequent days is advisable. You can however cross train those days with swimming, cycling or yoga.

Always start slowly and build gradually, giving time for the tissues to adapt. When you can walk or jog without going out of breath, you can progress to running!

Always warm up before the training, if you are planning to jog, a brisk walk for 5-10minutes would be a good option, followed by stretches of the muscle groups that are going to be in

action, obviously your calf, thighs back and shoulders. Do the same for a cool down.

Types of Training:

There are different types of training, the common ones are continuous training (steady speed through out), interval training ( 3 minutes run and 2 minute walk ), cross country (different

terrains) and fartlek training, which blends the continuous and interval training. If you are someone beginning to jog use the interval training and progress to continuous mode after

gradually increasing your percentage of jog.

Strength & Flexibility:

A 2 to 3 days a week of strength training on non-subsequent days to strengthen the core amd legs with moderate intensity with 8 to 12 repetitions, 2 sets for each major muscle groups

will be ideal.

Flexibility exercises like yoga or sports stretches can be done for 20-30minutes for the major muscle groups with 15 seconds hold for each, without breath holding, 2 sets each will be good.

Add to that the foam roller for glutes, hamstrings, IT band and calf muscles and foot.

Running Injuries & How to handle them!

Injuries happen, if you try and progress too quickly, if your frequency, intensity and duration are high, if you have poor strength and flexibility, improper foot wear, poor running mechanics

and bio mechanics, and other external factors, like fall etc.

Remember RICE; Rest from activities that cause pain, Ice for 15-20mins 3-4 times a day (if not more often), Compression in case of swelling with elastic bandage and elevation above heart

level, in case of swelling.

The common running injuries are mostly because of overuse. Stress fractures of the metatarsals, plantar fasciitis, runners knee, muscle strain,, Achilles tendinitis, groin pulls, low

back ache etc.,

Hydration & Nutrition:

Remember to hydrate well, with water or isotonic solution. There are various ORS drinks available in the market, to prevent cramps and to fuel. Carbs are the fuel for any endurance

activity, so make sure your carbs are not depleted, by vigorous training the previous days. On the day of the run have enough carbs and depending on the distance have a moderate or

low glycemic index fruit or snack 30 minute before the run.

Happy running!!


13 Oct

Sweating is the production of a clear, salty fluid secreted by millions of eccrine or sweat

glands in the skin which are located all over the body. Sweat is comprised mostly of

water, but also contains a tiny amount of electrolytes (e.g., sodium, chloride, potassium,

magnesium) and urea, a colourless nitrogen-containing substance also found in the urine.

Even though people have about the same number of sweat glands, the amount of sweat

differs among individuals. How much sweat released by each gland is determined

by several factors, including age, gender, environmental conditions and a person’s

acclimatization to them, and, pertinent to this discussion, fitness level. Of all the official

rules and guidelines set for prescribing exercise and ensuring a training response, the

principle of perspiration or “sweat” response is hardly ever mentioned. So, it is not

surprising that many exercisers and exercise professionals ignore, take for granted, or

do not recognize the importance of breaking a sweat during exercise sessions. On the

contrary, sweat response should be considered as one of the major training responses to

watch for. Why? The major function of sweating is to keep the body’s core temperature

at a safe level. Exercising turns up your body’s internal heating system. While you pump

your arms and legs, your body temperature rises and millions of those tiny sweat glands

are activated and sweat is released. As your sweat evaporates, it cools you off. Sweating

is your body’s built-in cooling system–it is your body’s way of getting rid of that extra

heat. In general, as a person’s aerobic fitness level increases, so does his/her ability to

sweat. That means, as a person’s exercise capacity improves, sweating begins earlier in

the exercise session and increases in the overall volume of sweat. The body is simply

becoming acclimatized and more efficient at cooling.

During moderate intensity exercise, sweat losses can average up to 2 L of water per hour.

You need to stay hydrated during exercise for this very reason. Without an adequate

supply of water, your body cannot sweat and your internal temperature will be too high

for you to workout normally, putting you at risk of heat exhaustion or worse. Remember

to drink more water when humidity is high—sweat evaporates more slowly on humid

days when the air is already saturated with moisture.

Side note: Usually, sweat from exercise has no odor, but increased nitrogen in sweat can

have a “sour” smell. An increase in nitrogen can be due to

1) ingesting more protein thanis being utilized for building muscle tissue and maintaining important body functions

(usually seen in high-protein diets),

2) fasting or very low calorie diets–the body breaks down its own muscle to supply needed nitrogen to maintain important functions, and

3) muscle-wasting diseases.




So, next time you exercise, make a mental note of when you begin to sweat. If you are

not sweating at all, you need to increase your intensity. Talk to your trainer to work out a

plan to start sweating.


Dr. Sheri Melton, PhD is Professor, Assistant Chair &

Coordinator of Graduate Studies, Exercise Science Division.

Department of Kinesiology, West Chester University,

West Chester, Pennsylvania, USA. She is also an American College of Sports

Medicine (ACSM). Certified Exercise Specialist and a Fulbright-Nehru Scholor.

She is a renowned researcher and scholar in the field of exercise science.






The Perfect 5 Step Warm Up

4 Sep

Although it’s often neglected, the warm up is a quick and easy safeguard from any injury. The perfect warmup has five elements that are essential to maximize the benefits from a workout.


Dynamic mobility is the body’s ability to move in multiple directions safely. Think of “mobility” as a combination between flexibility and strength. Dynamic mobility gently increases your range of motion, thus preventing


Think of this like turning on your car before heading out for a drive. You need to turn on the parts of your brain that control the motions you’ll be doing in your workout. Why warm up with squats if you’re bench-pressing? Doing some pushups is a better alternative, plus they’ll give you a little volume to stimulate muscle growth as well as strength increase.


Warmups increase blood flow, raise core temperature, and improve the pliability of muscles. The more pliable the muscle, the less likely for strain.


Running through a warmup allows the body to adapt to specific movement patterns and minimize muscular imbalances.


In order to keep the joints healthy, your muscles need to be reminded that the ligaments and tendons they work with are elastic, and they won’t tear as long as form is good and the weight is appropriately heavy (or light) for the exercise being performed.


Lovely Legs – Legs Workouts

25 Aug

Legs workouts

• 5mins warmup → stretches

• Free squats (15 counts)

• Leg press (15,12,10,8 counts keep increasing the weights)

• Free squats (15 counts)

• Leg curl (15,12,10,8 counts keep increasing the weights)

• Backward lunges (15 counts each side)

• Leg extension (15,12,10,8 counts keep increasing the weights)

• Forward lunges (15 counts each side)

• Inner & outer thigh (15,12,10,8 counts keep increasing the weights)

• Diagonal lunges (15 counts each side)

• Jumping squats (20 counts – 2 sets)


Awesome Abs – Ab workouts

19 Aug


  •  5mins warmup – stretches
  • Swissball crunches
  • Hanging crunches
  • Weighted russian twist
  • Knelling cable crunches
  • Reverse curl with knee bend
  • Mountain climber
  • Leg raise on dip machine
  • Pendulam crunches
  • Iron man with medicine ball (30sec 3sets)



Prevent Sore Neck / Neck Strain During Ab Workout.

29 May

It’s fairly common to hear exercisers complain about neck soreness or strain from abdominal workouts. This discomfort is most often caused by improper form and it’s very easy to correct.When the head is pulled forward during abdominal exercises, immense strain is placed on the posterior neck muscles. Many exercisers lace their fingers behind their head and pull forward during crunches, for example, thereby making the crunches easier – but also placing unnecessary pressure on the neck muscles.

To prevent neck soreness, change the placement of your hands. Instead of placing your hands behind your head, fold them across your upper abdomen. Alternatively, keep them by your sides. If you want to keep your hands by your head, just touch your ears lightly with your fingertips to prevent any forward pull. In addition, it may be helpful to concentrate on the ceiling. Doing so prevents your head from lifting forward. It may also be helpful to imagine an apple tucked under your chin allowing for space between your chin, neck and chest.

Alternatively, you can try exercises such as the reverse crunch that work the abdominal muscles without involving much upper body movement. Beyond preventing neck soreness or strain, you’ll also be increasing the effectiveness of your abdominal workout. Because lifting your head forward makes the exercise easier, some intensity and effectiveness is lost in the process.

If muscle soreness persists, it’s always a good idea to consult with your physician.

Add Kettlebell to your workouts

10 May

The kettlebell is a cast-iron or steel weight used to perform ballistic exercises that combine cardiovascular, strength and flexibility training. They are also the primary equipment used in the weight lifting sport of girevoy sport.

Benefits of kettlebell training:

  • Improves Explosive and Maximal Strength.
  • Improves strength, power and endurance.
  • Taxes both aerobic and anaerobic systems.
  • Positively impacts cardio respiratory endurance and promotes changes in body composition.
  • Increases musculoskeletal health by reducing neck, shoulder and low back pain, and increases trunk extensor strength.
  • Is transferable to traditional weight training and bodyweight exercises and is an excellent alternative to traditional weight lifting.

Prime movements in kettlebell:

Kettlebell Swing: The kettlebell swing is a basic kettlebell exercise that is used in training programs and gyms for improving the posterior chain muscles. The key to a good kettlebell swing is effectively hinging at the hips, creating stability through the frontal plane.

Clean and press: The Kettlebell Clean and Press combines 2 exercises the Kettlebell Clean and the Overhead Press. Combining these 2 exercises into one fluid movement will work most muscles of the body as well as putting large demands on your cardiovascular system.

Turkish Get-up: A kettlebell exercise that combines the lunge, bridge and side plank to build strength. With a vertically-extended arm, the athlete transitions from laying supine on the floor to standing.

Kettlebell Snatch: Before performing the Snatch you should be proficient in the Swing, the Clean and the Press. The Snatch is a modified swing where as the kettlebell swings up above the head, the bell flips over the hand and ends up in the same overhead position as the press. Do this in one complete fluid motion.

Kettlebell training as cardio endurance and strength endurance: Like with most exercises, we can change the kettlebell swing’s effectiveness for our goals based on load. Imagine I asked you to perform one hundred swings non-stop, how much load could you use? And what kind of workout would that give you and what would its benefits be? But now imagine I gave you a much heavier bell, one you could barely swing for ten reps and made you do eight to ten sets. How different do you think that would be?


9 May

The following is a quick guide to reading the Nutrition Facts Panel.

Look for both the serving size (the amount for one serving) and the number of servings in the package. Compare your portion size (the amount you actually eat) to the serving size listed on the panel. If the serving size is one cup and you eat two cups, you are getting twice the calories, fat and other nutrients listed on the label.

Find out how many calories are in a single serving and the number of calories from fat. It’s smart to cut back on calories and fat if you are watching your weight.

Use percent Daily Values (DV) to help evaluate how a particular food fits into your daily meal plan. Daily Values are average levels of nutrients for a person eating 2,000 calories a day. A food item with a 5 percent DV of fat provides 5 percent of the total fat that a person consuming 2,000 calories a day should eat.
Percent DV are for the entire day, not just one meal or snack. You may need to consume less or more than 2,000 calories depending upon your age, gender, activity level, and whether you’re trying to lose, gain or maintain your weight. In general, as you think about the amount of calories in a food per serving, remember that for a 2,000-calorie diet:

40 calories per serving is considered low;

100 calories per serving is considered moderate; and

400 calories or more per serving is considered high.


  •  5 percent or less is low. Aim low in total fat, saturated fat, trans fat, cholesterol and sodium. Limit Total fat to no more than 56–78 grams a day — including no more than 16 grams of saturated fat, less than two grams of trans fat, and less than 300 mg cholesterol (for a 2,000 calorie diet).
  • Eating less fat, cholesterol and sodium may help reduce your risk for heart disease, high blood pressure and cancer.
  •  20 percent or more is high. Aim high in vitamins, minerals and fiber.
  • Eat more fiber, vitamins A and C, calcium and iron to maintain good health and help reduce your risk of certain health problems such as osteoporosis and anemia. Choose more fruits and vegetables to get more of these nutrients.


* Protein: Eat moderate portions of lean meat, poultry, fish, eggs, low-fat milk, yogurt and cheese, plus beans and nuts.

* Carbohydrates: There are three types of carbohydrates: sugars, starches and fiber. Eat whole-grain breads, cereals, rice and pasta plus fruits and vegetables.

Foods with more than one ingredient must have an ingredient list on the label. Ingredients are listed in descending order by weight. Those in the largest amounts are listed first. This information is particularly helpful to individuals with food sensitivities, those who wish to avoid nuts, gluten grains or limit added sugars or people who prefer vegetarian eating.


7 May

Many of us have a tendency to reach for unhealthy comfort food when stressed or depressed, but some foods really can help relieve stress and anxiety. It’s a win-win proposition, because not do these foods help combat stress, which in turn may improve heart health, but many of these foods are also known to have a more direct effect on heart health.



Spinach contains magnesium, which helps improve your body’s response to stress and may prevent migraine headaches.


Asparagus is a good source of folic acid, which produces serotonin and helps stabilize mood.


Helps stabilize mood by supplying zinc, iron, and B vitamins.


Milk & Milk Products, including skim milk, is high in antioxidants and vitamins B2 and B12 and also provides protein and calcium, which can reduce muscle spasms and tension and soothe PMS.


Nuts and seeds are good stress-fighting snacks. In addition to containing vitamin B12, magnesium, and zinc, almonds also provide vitamin E, which, like vitamin C, fights stress-related free radicals that cause heart disease. Walnuts and pistachios are known to lower blood pressure. Sunflower seeds include folate, which helps produce dopamine, a pleasure-inducing brain chemical.


Fruits such as oranges and gooseberries (amla) contain vitamin C, which fight cancer-causing free radicals. Blueberries counteract the effect of hormones such as cortisol (“stress hormone”), and bananas provide potassium, which lowers blood pressure.

7.  FISH

Fish containing omega-3 fatty acids, such as mackerel, can boost serotonin levels and limit the production of anxiety hormones such as adrenaline and cortisol.


Avocados are a good source of monounsaturated fat and potassium, which lower blood pressure.


Oats, corn flakes, rice offer B vitamins and folic acid, which reduce stress. Have a bowl of whole-grain cereal with milk for a stress-fighting breakfast.



The following are foods that trigger/ worsen Stress:-


Caffeine, found in coffee, tea, soda, and chocolate, can cause anxiety and raise stress hormone levels.


Sugar causes spikes in blood glucose levels and increases insulin. This affects your adrenal glands, which regulate stress hormones and help the thyroid regulate body weight.


Trans fatty acids such as hydrogenated vegetable oil are found in many baked goods and can hinder the immune system and increase the risk of heart disease.


Alcohol puts more sugar in the body, and excessive consumption can damage the adrenal glands.